Trees are a big part of nature and apart from all the health benefits they provide us, some trees are known for their beautiful looks.
When you observe a Pink Dogwood tree and a Cherry tree you would see some similarities such as the flowers being pink and the structure of the tree.
But they’re not similar as they both grow differently. They both have their own set of differences that set them apart from each other and that is what we are going to talk about.
This article covers almost everything about these trees including their types, growth, maintenance, and much more. Moreover, it gives you all the details you need regarding the plantation process as well.
Pink Dogwood (Origin)
The pink dogwood is also known as Cornus Florida which is its botanical name. It falls under the category of flowering trees. This kind of species comes from Cornaceae which is native to Eastern North America and Northern Mexico.
The tree is specifically used for ornaments in the houses or in public as it is mainly a flowering tree that enhances the beauty of the surroundings, that’s why people used them as an ornament for their houses.
The pink dogwood is also known for its vibrant colorful flowers which the tree produces each spring for two to three weeks.
What Exactly Is the Pink Dogwood Tree?
The flowering tree dogwood is typically added in the dogwood Genus Cornus as Cornus Florida. Sometimes it is specified as Genus Benthmaidia Florida Spach.
Some of the more common names used to specify dogwood flowering trees are American dogwood, Florida dogwood, Indian arrowwood, white cornel, white dogwood, false box, false boxwood, and Cornelian tree.
The dogwood flowering tree is known as a little fugacious tree. It grows at 10m (33ft) high. It becomes wider as it grows tall and becomes mature, the trunk being 30 cm (1ft). It grows under partial shade as it needs less sun exposure but you can also grow it in full sunlight as long as it gets the required amount of water.
The soil must be rich, fertile, and moist. It must be well-drained. The pH scale of its soil must be acidic.
Pink Dogwood blooms in spring. It has a landscape variety of trees with green foliage that turns purple in the fall and reddish berries.
It’s difficult to grow pink dogwood in summer due to intense heat but applying a 4-to-6-inch layer of mulch helps the root system and the soil retain water. In this way, the tree is protected.
The pink dogwood thrives in shady areas and dark places with rich soil however it can endure only partial sunlight, if you keep it in full sunlight, the tree won’t be able to bear and it would dry up. It grows in the USDA hardiness zone of 5 to 9
How to Grow a Pink Dogwood Tree Seed?
It’s possible to grow a pink dogwood from seed, though it wouldn’t be considered a pink dogwood tree for a certain time as the seed grows white dogwood. In order to grow a pink dogwood, you can obtain the cutting from a grown dogwood tree and plant it.
Types of Pink Dogwood Tree
Cornus Florida is a better pink dogwood but it is the only one. Cornus Kousa Satomi is a kind of pink Japanese dogwood. Other species are also important, they are as follows:
- Cherokee Chief (Cornus Florida): This is a vascular plant with red flowers which is similar to Cornus Florida
- Cornelian Cherry (Cornus mas): It’s part of the flowering dogwood family that blooms in spring, bears little, and has yellow flowers in a cluster
And some other names are American beauty, Spring song, and Gulf coast pink. They’re also from the family of the pink dogwood tree
Propagating Pink Dogwood
June is the best time to obtain the cuttings of the pink dogwood. And for propagation, here’s a video explaining how it should be done:
Steps for Successfully Cutting a Pink Dogwood Tree:
- Take a 7-inches pot and place a wet mixture of perlite and peat moss. Make a hole in the middle for the cutting to settle. And make sure the pot has drainage holes in it.
- Take the cutting which is healthy and strong and has new leaves on the top. It should be flexible, the wood is not supposed to be fragile. The stem should be cut at 45—a degree angle with sharp shears. The cut should be about ½ inches below the leaf node.
- With sharp shears, cut ½ inch on either side of the cutting.
- As you cut it, dip the cutting in the water and then in hormone rooting. Make sure that the powdered hormone covers the first few inches of the stem. Now gently settle the cutting in the pot.
- Cover the dogwood cutting with a planting dome. Ensure that the bag and the wire dome are 1 inch away from the top of the dogwood cutting.
- Mix the cutting with water and then seal the bag.
- For 18 hours each day, settle the plant and dome under the light.
- Five weeks later, open up the bag and test the roots of the cutting by gently moving the cutting. If it is not ready then seal it again and wait another three weeks.
- If the cutting has grown roots, prepare it by opening the bag for an hour, the interval increases until the bag is discarded. When the cutting starts to grow, new growth is ready to be planted.
Pink Dogwood Tree in Winter
As we discussed the pink dogwood in summer can barely bear the heat, but it can also tolerate winter as long as it is in the proper zones for growth. It can also be helped by mulch around its base.
Pest and Plant Diseases
Spot anthracnose is a disease that poses a threat to flowering dogwood trees. Some of the cultivars of Cornus Florida are more susceptible to it than others.
You should ask your local county extension office about the cultivars that can be planted in your region. Powdery mildew is another problem faced by the flowering dogwood.
How to Treat the Disease
In areas where the tree is particularly harmed, it’s important to put the least effort and plant a different type of tree.
Cherry Trees (Origin)
Cherry Blossom also known as Sakura or Japanese cherry is a flowering tree of the genus Prunus subg. Prunus. Cerasus. They’re a species from East Asia, which includes China, Korea, and Japan.
They’re typically known as ornamental cherry trees, not to be confused with the cherry tree that produces cherry fruit for eating. The Cherry Blossom is considered the national or traditional flower of Japan.
What Exactly Is the Cherry Tree?
The Cherry Blossom tree usually has a pink and white color in spring. These two colors are the reason why the tree Cherry blossom is famous. These flowers bloom and don’t last that long, not more than two weeks, they are a symbol of improvement and evanescent.
Cherry Blossom trees are normally fly-by-night. Some of them bloom fast and early while others bloom late.
They can grow about 15 to 30 feet high with a wide canopy, while planting you should be careful that it could support the mature size of the tree.
The Cherry Blossom tree requires about 6 hours of direct sunlight, the soil should be rich and fertile with good drainage holes for the proper growth as these factors should be checked when you are growing a Cherry Blossom tree in a growing zone.
The Cherry Blossom trees grow 1 to 2 feet every year. If the tree is planted properly then it just needs a little care afterward.
Watering and Fertilizers
Only water the tree if the dry periods of summer extend. Cherry Blossom trees aren’t able to sit in the mushy soil. The tree should be fed with granular fertilizer in the spring once every year.
Diseases and Pests
- Silver leaf fungus is a fungal disease that is a threat to Prunus trees and shrubs as well as Cherry Blossom Trees. This disease is caused by pruning
- Black knot fungus is also a fungal disease that is also common for Prunus and shrubs. It produces small growth, commonly light brown, on the branches and the joints of the tree.
- Aphids are small and invisible insects that eat plant and tree saps. The leaves are curled or stunned and the leaves or stem are covered with sap from Aphids.
How to Plant a Cherry Tree?
Plant your Cherry blossom tree in rich and fertile soil that is acidic, not alkaline. Space them about 10 to 20 feet away from the plant or any other structure. Make a hole about two feet round and one foot deep.
Before planting, put some fertilizer in the hole, now unwarp your root ball, and be sure to see that there’s no root around the wrapping ball.
If there are some, trim them so they don’t choke the plant. Fill it with fertilized soil. Now that you have planted your soil, successfully support your tree for the first year until it gets established and water it thoroughly.
History of Cherry Tree in the US
In the 19th century, only a few people in America knew about the Japanese flowering cherry tree. In 1912 japan gave 3,020 cherry blossom trees to the US as a gift. The US viewed it as a gesture of friendship and this tree was planted in the Sakura Park in Manhattan and the Potomac Park in Washington. Other countries also celebrated Cherry blossom season with a picnic or by planting cherry blossom trees.
Are Cherry Trees and Pink Dogwood the Same?
The difference between them is that pink dogwood has bigger flowers as they have 4 petals, while cherry flower has smaller flowers but it has more petals compared to pink dogwood.
Pink dogwood has a different foliage than that of the cherry tree. Both flowering trees bloom early and also late, both are early as well as late bloomers.
Cherry blossom trees aren’t that tall, they are only 15 to 25 feet tall whereas the pink dogwood is a very tall tree as they can reach 40 feet of height. Both grow slowly as they both take about a year to grow 1 foot.
Cherry blossom needs direct sunlight for 6 hours whereas pink dogwood doesn’t need that much sunlight, they can thrive in dark places and partial sunlight. They both like moist, well-drained, and rich soil.
Which Is More Challenging to Handle?
Though beautiful, flowering cherry trees can be difficult to maintain since they are susceptible to a whole host of problems. Many diseases are typical for the cherry tree, some are root rot, powdery mildew, canker, and blight.
A lot of insects that harm the cherry tree such as tent caterpillars and aphids also often infest flowering cherries.
Dogwood trees also have a lot of problems, the dogwood borer will attack newly planted trees and weaken them, while dogwood anthracnose is a new disease, which has killed a lot of trees in the Northeast.
The Growth Process of the Cherry Tree and Pink Dogwood Tree
Pink Dogwood doesn’t grow from seeds as you can expect for a white dogwood tree. To get the pink dogwood tree you would have to get the cutting of that pink dogwood from an already grown one with some sharp shears. And then put some rooting hormone and seal it, after five weeks, open it and plant it.
If there’s no growth then put it for another three weeks, plant it and water it every day it will grow 1 foot every year.
Whereas for the cherry tree you can get some seeds from the local store or the greenhouse supplier and then rinse them gently. Sow the seeds in the top layers of your growing medium in the pot. Then cover the seeds with a thin layer of soil which is about 2 cm. Light can improve the germination process.
Put the seed pot under sunlight. Maintain a medium level of humidity for the germination process by watering it normally as you would for a plant. The germination process of this kind of seed can vary vastly and naturally occurs in a few weeks or many months.
Once it’s germinated or after transferring from seeds to hierarchy, use a Copper-based fungicide to stop the molding. You will then have a perfect Sakura or cherry tree.
Both of these trees are quite similar but do have a number of differences to look out for and some major ones include the planting process, things required to grow, and some of the diseases found in them.
Both of these trees are at their top in the month of spring and are absolutely stunning to look at. Trees are a big part of our nature and provide health benefits as well.
As these trees are ornamental they can also be used as a peace offering as Japan did with The US and made friends with them. Nowadays, these kinds of trees and plants are used as a peace offering with other countries.
These trees also help in meditating and one feels relaxed from the daily monotonous life. People visit parks where these kinds of trees are planted and they enjoy time with their families as a form of leisure activity.