Skip to Content

What Are The Differences Between Long Swords And Short Swords? (Compared)

What Are The Differences Between Long Swords And Short Swords? (Compared)

A sword is a sharp blade armament used originally for cutting and thrusting. It is a thin blade weapon usually with two edges and occasionally one as well. However, it varies from time to time.

Both long swords and short swords are somewhat similar in shape and cause the same level of damage in close combats. However, there are a few differences that we’ll discuss today.

Long swords have longer blades compared to short swords and that affects their reach as well. They have a more extended range which is an advantage for such weapons. Moreover, longswords can be used by both hands whereas shortswords are generally one-handed.

In addition, short swords are light in weight and can be carried easily. They are convenient to handle and are more effective in limited spaces. Longswords, on the other hand, are more useful in open places.

Sword History

Historically, the sword was established in the Citation Age, evolving from the dagger; the foremost samples date to about 1600 BC. The after Iron Age sword remained fairly short and without a crossguard.

Sparta, as it developed in the Late Roman army, came to the precursor of the European brand of the Middle Ages, at first espoused as the Migration Period brand, and only in the High Middle Ages, developed into the classical arming brand with crossguard.

The use of a sword is known as swordsmanship or, in modern terrain, fencing. In the Early Modern period, western brand design diverged into two forms, the thrusting brands, and the scimitars.

Thrusting brands analogous to the rapier and eventually, the small brand were designed to shaft their targets snappily and induce deep stab injuries. Their long and straight yet light and well-balanced design made them largely maneuverable and deadly in a duel but fairly ineffective when used in a slashing or dicing stir.

A well-aimed poke and thrust could end a fight in seconds with just the brand’s point, leading to the development of a fighting style that nearly resembles modern fencing.

The scimitar and similar blades analogous to the smallsword were erected more heavily and were farther generally used in warfare. Erected for slashing and dicing at multiple adversaries, constantly from horseback, the scimitar’s long crooked blade and slightly forward weight balance gave it a deadly character all its own on the battlefield.

Utmost scimitars also had sharp points and double-edged blades, making them suitable for piercing soldier after soldier in a cavalry charge. Scimitars continued to see battlefield use until the early 20th century.

The US Navy kept knockouts of thousands of sturdy cutlasses in their magazine well into World War II and multitudinous were issued to Marines in the Pacific as jungle machetes.

A single-edged sword
A single-edged sword

Common Sword Types

  • Falchion (92 cm / 36.5 in)
  • Short sword (38-61 cm /15-25 in)
  • Gladius (60-85 cm / 24-33 in)
  • Chokuto/ Ninjata (48 cm / 19 in)
  •  Jian (45-80 cm / 18-31 in)
  • Saber (89 cm / 35 in)
  • Longsword (100-130 cm / 39-51 in)
  • Dadaa (81-94 cm / 32-37 in)
  • Shamshir (92 cm / 3 in)
  • Scimitar (76- 92 cm / 30-36 in)
  • Rapier (104 cm / 41 in)
  • Katana (60-73 cm / 23-28 cm)
  • Kadachi (60-70 cm / 23-28 in)
  • Broadsword (76-114 cm / 30- 45 in)

Double Edge And Straight Swords

Double-edged swords are usually straight-bladed swords, designed for optimized balance, reach, and versatility.

What is a Long Sword?

A long brand also spelled as long sword or long-sword) is a type of European brand characterized as having a cruciform bow with a grip for primarily two-handed use around 16 to 28 cm or 6 to 11 in, a straight double-edged blade of around 85 to 110 cm (33 to 43 in), and importing roughly 1 to1.5 kg (2 lb. 3 oz. to 3 lb. 5 oz.)

The long sword type exists in a morphological continuum with the medieval knightly brand and the Renaissance period. It was current during the late Medieval and Renaissance periods roughly 1350 to 1550, with early and late use reaching into the 12th and 17th centuries.

The swords grouped as long swords for the purposes of this composition are united by their being intended for two-handed use. In terms of blade typology, they do not form a single order.

The term longsword has been used to refer to different kinds of swords depending on historical context:

  • Zweihänder or two-hander, a late Renaissance sword of the 16th-century Landsknechte, was the longest sword of all.
  • The long “side sword” or “rapier” with a cutting edge (the Elizabethan long sword).
A longsword
A longsword

What is a Short Sword?

Short swords are a type of ordnance that are held in the main hand. Similar to the long brands in that they are sharpened on both sides of the blade, they are still important and shorter in length, and some of their dyads can still be made when holding a guard.

Small swords were also used as prestige symbols and fashion equipment; for most of the 18th century, anyone civilian or military, with pretensions to gentlemanly status would have worn a small sword on a daily basis.

Actual Differences Between Londswords and Shortswords

Actually, short swords are easy to carry but aren’t nearly as good as long swords.

Truth is in real life all weapons are not equal. There is also a difference between a dagger and a sword. A shaft will always have an advantage over a sword and a sword will always have an advantage over a dagger.

Also, in real life, the” damage” caused by a sword is about the same as that of a dagger.

The only advantage that shorter weapons like a short sword or a dagger is portability and ease of delineation. Still, I suppose the fact that a dagger is hastily is enough true, the problem is that in real life, reach nearly always will beat speed, the lower ordnance has to be inhumanly presto and the longer ordnance inhumanly leisurely.

In case, there is no analogous thing as a shaft holster, they would have to be carried by hand, which would be prickly to do all day in real life. Also, back holsters don’t work with munitions longer than around 30″ and don’t work for reheating try to fit a brand into a bitty niche behind your reverse out of sight.

A longsword was ordnance arranged to be used one-handed on horseback and two-handed over on nethermost-what until the rise of education on the medieval and renaissance trades was generally called a bastard brand (a 16th-century term) or a hand and a partial brand (a modern term).

One-handed sword
One-handed sword

The History Behind the term”Shortsword”

Historically a shortsword was a 16th/ 17th-century term for a brand that was shorter than a longsword, generally a handbasket-hilted brand that wasn’t actually particularly short at all. In more recent times the term shortsword has been used to relate to brands like the Roman clearings.

Difference in Range

Mainly both swords differ in effect, the biggest difference is range. A shortsword can induce just as fatal a crack as any longsword. In simple terms, there are three ranges, basically polearm range, brand range, and close range (dagger and scuffling range).

At polearm range, the polearm can attack while the other munitions can’t. At the brand range, the polearm is limited in what you can do with it (not as limited as some would suppose-you have the butt end and a useful range of wrestling moves using the pole as an influence device).

The brand is obviously great at this range, but the dagger is still unfit to hit. In close, the polearm is still depressed. The brand is too still again, not as important as one might anticipate) and the dagger is king.

Near fighting with brands and polearms is basically scuffling with a big switch arm; in the case of a brand, one that has a shaft on one end and a big club on the other. Dagger fighting is basically scuffling with a lightning-fast, murderous strike.

You can also watch the given video for further information:

A video explaining different types of swords


As others have said, all munitions are not created equal. Given room to use them, polearms trump brands or daggers. If I had to fight for my life with a dagger against a polearm I would make sure my will was in order.

Any halfway decent fighter will no way let me get close enough. With swords, it’s still not great. Shields indeed up the picture, but according to period masters and my particular experience, the polearm still has the edge (though presumably not enough to give either the edge in gaming terms).

Armor also evens goods up a lot as you can go to get hit. The typical selecting convention of megahit points is perhaps the most unrealistic aspect. It doesn’t count how good you are, being hit with a brand is presumably going to incapacitate you.

That’s why people wore armor if they could because being good doesn’t help you against people outside of your field of vision. In rows, it’s the Joe who runs up behind you or the spearman two over in the third rank who nails you.

People carried shorter munitions, like arming brands strapped to their belts, or daggers in battle because the range can close, especially if there are a lot of people raging around.

People carried swords and daggers in greedy life because polearms are a nuisance to carry and mark you out as someone looking for trouble. Walking down a municipality road in the Middle Ages with a polearm would be like walking down a municipality road moment with a rifle.

Swords were so favored because they are the longest weapons that can usefully be carried in everyday life, they are still useful at close range and they are extremely versatile in attack and defense. They’re the perfect intermediate ordnance.

Not only this but, there are many other varieties of swords rather than these two and they all are obviously somehow important in our history.

Recommended Articles

A web story that differentiates long swords and short swords can be found when you click here.

Skip to content