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What Is The Difference Between A Longsword And A Broadsword? (Explained)

What Is The Difference Between A Longsword And A Broadsword? (Explained)

Youngsters are frequently seen battling with toys in the shape of swords, displaying their dominance and control over others. Swords are actually lethal weapons.

In history, swords have been used by kings, and rivals to show glory and power, and most have been used to fight enemies and disobeyers.

A longsword is a longer, narrower sword with a single-edged blade and a straightforward crossguard that covers the hand, as opposed to a broadsword, which is often a shorter, wider sword with a hilt in the form of a basket and a double-edged blade.

Keep reading to know the uses and key differences between two kinds of swords: a longsword and a broadsword.

What Is A Sword?

A weapon having a long, razor-sharp metal blade is called a sword. It originated from daggers, which have two sharp edges as opposed to only one like knives.

Any double-edged sword with a typically straight blade that is large enough to be effectively used with two hands.

It stands for strength, courage, authority, protection, and power; metaphysically, it symbolizes judgment and the perceptiveness of the mind.

A decent sword needs to be tough enough to maintain its edge throughout a length that can be anywhere from 18 inches (46 cm) to more than 36 inches (91 cm).

It must also be sturdy and flexible enough to withstand significant shocks at virtually any point along its length without breaking or cracking.

The different kinds of swords are:

  1. Jian
  2. Rapier
  3. Xiphos
  4. Spatha

Uses Of A Sword

Uses of sword
Swords came into existence as means of fighting in a war during medieval times.

The greatest benefit of a sword above other weapons is its adaptability. Unlike a spear, club, or axe, which only have a limited range of uses.

The majority of swords can all three types of harm to an opponent: cutting, piercing, and blunt force trauma.

Although there were many different hand-held weapons used in medieval times, the sword was by far the most common.

In close combat, the sword served both protective and offensive purposes and served as a symbol of knighthood.

History Of A Sword

The swords of Arslantepe were deemed to be the earliest and first swords ever discovered by Frangipane. They were discovered in reasonably good condition and are constructed of an alloy of arsenic and copper.

The invention of the sword is attributed to no one specific person. In 3300 BCE in the early Bronze Age, the earliest archaeological evidence of sword use was discovered.

Chinese iron swords originally appeared in the latter stages of the Western Zhou dynasty, but it wasn’t until the Han dynasty in the third century BC that iron and steel swords began to be widely utilized.

Honjo Masamune is the name of the most well-known Masamune sword. The Honjo Masamune is significant because it served as a symbol of the Japanese Shogunate during the Edo era.

What Is A Longsword?

Longsword is supposed to be heavy and sharper in nature.

Modern historical fencers typically refer to a “longsword” as a double-edged straight-bladed sword that is worn and predominantly used with two hands.

These weapons often have blades that are 33 to 40 inches long and weigh between two and a half and four pounds.

Historical longswords were used as weapons during the Renaissance and the Middle Ages. They were distinguished by their fine edge and sharp taper, which allowed them to puncture or slip through holes in the armor.

With the introduction of plate armor, swordsmen were no longer required to carry a shield for protection and could instead employ a maneuver known as half-swording to increase their control and thrusting force.

What Is A Broadsword?

Rather than being made for thrusting, a broadsword is a form of a sword that has been made for slashing and cutting.

In contrast to their extensive use in battle throughout the Middle Ages, these swords are currently primarily utilized for competitive sport fencing.

Instead of stabbing, the medieval broadsword was used to cut. Throughout the Middle Ages, a Knight was the most common user of the broadsword.

The medieval broadsword had a length of 30 to 45 inches and weighed 3 to 5 pounds. A broadsword is an exceptionally powerful weapon that normally takes two hands to handle because the blade can be quite hefty.

All you need to know about the broadsword

Are Swords Still Used In Modern Combat?

Sword fighting
Sword fighting is taught as an activity in some schools.

It is less common to witness a soldier in modern warfare with a real metal sword; more frequently, they will choose a different close-quarters weapon.

We now have electromagnetic railguns, anti-aircraft lasers, and rifle sights with ballistic computers.

US drone operators can hit a target and perform their operations, more than 11,000 kilometers away. Swords are hardly ever used on modern battlefields.

A sword fight is an arm-to-arm conflict, which is essentially worthless in the present period when an adversary is carrying a bayonet-mounted rifle.

Swords are still used by the Japanese military to honor the deceased at funerals and other events.

Difference Between A Longsword And A Broadsword

Broadsword is a one-handed sword with a basket hilt that has two edges and a medium-length cut-and-thrust blade, while a longsword has a cruciform hilt with a pair of straight quillons and a blade with a complex tip and a diamond cross section that is flattened.

Both were worn as accessories to clothing in medieval times to demonstrate strength and ruthlessness and were utilized by opponents during battle.

Length33 to 40 inches30 to 45 inches
Weighttwo and a half to four pounds3 to 5 pounds
Featureshas one and sharp taper, which can be used to puncture or slip through holes in the armor; ideal for fighting at a distancehas a shorter, wider blade; ideal for close combat
Longsword vs. Broadsword

The size of the blades is one of the primary distinctions between a broadsword and a longsword. Whereas a longsword has a longer, narrower blade that is excellent for fighting at a distance, a broadsword has a shorter, wider blade that is ideal for close-quarters combat.

A broadsword’s hilt, which is formed like a basket, encloses the hand and shields it from opponent attacks. A longsword, in contrast, has a straightforward crossguard that shields the hand but does not enclose it.

Alternatives To A Longsword And A Broadsword


Cutlass is a relatively small and easy-to-handle sword.

The navy primarily utilized this short, broad saber with a straight or slightly curved blade.

It possessed a grip that was similar to a handgun, making it simple to draw at a moment’s notice. It became well-known because of its frequent usage of it by pirates like William Kidd and Blackbeard.

Cutlasses were to be reserved for ceremonial use in the 20th century and not for use by landing teams.


Rapier is a fancy-looking sleek sword used for the purpose of thrusting.

A sharp-pointed sword called a rapier is used for thrusting assaults. It is distinguished by a complicated basket hilt designed to shield the user’s hand.

The Spanish dress sword, or espada ropera, is where the name “rapier” originated. In addition to daggers and cloaks, it was employed for protection.

It made way for the development of the fencing weapon known as the epee sword. It has appeared in motion pictures like Reine Margot and The Princess Bride.


  • The length and width of a broadsword’s blade, the style of its hilt, and how well it performs in various combat scenarios are key distinctions from a longsword.
  • Longswords are wider, shorter swords that are mostly used for stabbing and are more effective in one-on-one fighting. On the other hand, a broadsword may be used for a range of attack tactics; it is a shorter but wider sword that is well-suited for close-quarters combat.
  • Due to its adaptability and mobility, a broadsword can be a preferable option in a close-quarters battle against several opponents. A longsword may be preferable in a one-on-one duel because of its greater reach and capacity for making precise thrusting assaults.

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