Home Technology What is the Difference Between C and C++?

What is the Difference Between C and C++?

by Logan

It is no surprise that nowadays there are tools for almost every little thing. Humankind has invented so many things that now it’s getting difficult to keep up with them. They have created and recreated the same thing, but with much more modification. With the world being ever-evolving it is only necessary to evolve with it, this way it gets easier for people to keep up with every advancement.

As I said, there are innumerable inventions made by humans to bring easement for people. One of those inventions was coding language or programming language. It was created for computers to communicate with them, through coding language you tell a computer or any other machine to perform a certain action. Programming or coding language is a set of rules which converts graphical programs or strings into visual programming languages.

Thousands of programming languages are invented every year, but the most popular ones are called C and C++. C++ is basically a better version of C.

The major difference between these two is that C is a procedural programming language and it doesn’t support objects or classes, whereas C++ is combined with both procedural and as well as object-oriented programming languages.

Here is the list of differences between C and C++.

AspectsCC++
Introduction
C programming language was developed by a man called Dennis Ritchie in 1969 at the AT&T Bell Labs.C++ programming language was developed in 1979 by Bjarne Stroustrup.
OOPs feature SupportC doesn’t support the OOPs concept; therefore it has no support for the polymorphism, encapsulation, and/or inheritance.On the other hand, C++ has full support for polymorphism, encapsulation, and inheritance because it’s an object-oriented programming language
Type of DrivenC is known as a function-driven programming language.C++ is known as an object-driven programming language
Data SecurityC doesn’t support encapsulation; therefore data functions as a free entity and can be exploited by outside code.C++ encapsulation hides the data to make sure that the data structures and operators are used as they’re intended.
Feature supportedC doesn’t support function and operator overloading and also doesn’t consist of any namespace feature and reference variable functionality.C++ supports function and also operator overloading. Moreover, it has a namespace feature and reference variable functionality.
The difference between C and C++

Keep reading to know more.

What does C mean?

A black screen with thousands of coding in different color
C was developed in 1969 by Dennis Ritchie

C is a general-purpose programming language, it’s considered ideal for developing firmware and/or portable applications. C programming language was developed by Dennis Ritchie at the Bell Labs. It was intended to write system software. It is just a simple programming language as it doesn’t consist of features that are of importance.

Nonetheless, it is quite an outstanding programming language as it was developed in 1969.

Here are some of the features of C:

  • It consists of fixed numbers of keywords and a controlled set of primitives, for instance for, do, or if.
  • It has many mathematical and as well as logical operators.
  • It can apply multiple assignments in a single statement.
  • C consists of a basic form of modularity as flies can be compiled and linked separately.
  • Another feature is that it has control of function and visibility of objects to other files through external or static attributes.

What does Is C++ mean?

C++ is a programming language that was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1979. C++ is basically known as the object-driven language, it falls under the category of the best coding languages. C++ has support for polymorphism, encapsulation, and inheritance as it’s an object-oriented programming language.

In C++ encapsulation secures the data by hiding it and ensures that the structures and operators are being used as they’re intended without being exploited by the outside code.

A laptop placed on a white surface with a bunch of coding on its screen. A yellow cup and a plant placed behind it
C++ was developed in 1979

Is C++ better than C?

As C++ was developed in 1979 and C was developed in 1969, it makes C++ a better version of C. C++ consists of many features that C doesn’t seem to have, for example, C doesn’t support encapsulation so it’s possible that the data can function as a free entity; thereby can be exploited by outside code. Whereas C++ encapsulation hides the data to ensure that the data structures and operators are being used as they’re intended.

Moreover, C++ is better than C in many more aspects. C++ was developed as an object-driven programming language, while C was developed just as a function-driven programming language.

I have made a table for the differences between C and C++ above, from that you can surely decide for yourself which one is better.

Should I learn C before C++?

A laptop with coding on its screen with two books set beside it.
C and C++ are different computer languages.

You don’t have to learn about C before C++ as they’re two different computer languages.

Yes, there is a misconception that C++ is dependent on C, but it’s a false assumption. This false idea could be stemmed from the fact that both of them have the same name with a small difference, nonetheless, C and C++ are two different coding languages.

Although C++ does consist of many aspects that are similar to C, for example, it has many of the same syntax and semantics, it doesn’t make them the same coding language. Therefore, there’s no need to learn about C before C++, they both are completely independent of each other.

Which coding language is best?

A laptop displaying coding and a computer behind it placed on a table with bunch of things like a cup and a pair of black headphones
Python is a high-level programming language

Python is considered the best coding language, it’s described as a high-level programming language. It’s also an object-oriented language just like C++, however, it consists of many more features.

Python is developed to support multiple programming paradigms, it is mostly known as a “batteries included” language because of its vast comprehensive standard library.

It was Guido van Rossum who came up with Python, he started his work on it in the late 1990s and launched it in 1991 as Python 0.9.0, but in the year 2000, a 2.0 version was released with innumerable other features, for instance, cycle-detecting garbage collection and Unicode support. 2.0 wasn’t the last version, after that there were many more versions created, The last one is believed to be launched in 2020 which was the 2.7.18 version of python.

Here is the video that shows you how the Python coding language actually works.

A video on how Python works

To Conclude

There are thousands of programming languages, C and C++ are two of them. They’re both are different coding languages, there are many differences between these two, but the major one is that C is a procedural programming language so it doesn’t support objects or classes, but C++ is a combination of both, it is a procedural and object-oriented programming language.

C coding language was developed by Dennis Ritchie at the Bell Labs in 1969 and C++ coding language was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1979. C is a function-driven language and C++ is an object-driven language.

No, you don’t have to learn C before C++ as they both are two completely different coding languages. However, C++ has some similar aspects to C, for example, it has the same syntax and semantics. Although one should keep in mind that this doesn’t make them similar coding languages.

A screen displaying different kinds of coding.
There are many programming languages

Python is the best coding language, it’s a high-level programming language. Python was developed to support multiple programming paradigms and it’s sometimes called “batteries included” language as it consists of a vast comprehensive standard library.

Guido van Rossum developed Python, but began his work on it in the late 1990s and launched it in 1991 as Python 0.9.0. In 2000, there was a 2.0 version of python with many new features, some of them are, cycle-detecting garbage collection and Unicode support. After the 2.0 version, there were many others, the last one was in 2020 which is known as the 2.7.18 version.

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