Conversations and writing require a thorough understanding of grammar and grammatical rules. Their proper placement should be considered. However, the traditional grammar rules taught in school aren’t followed by native speakers.
If you are a non-native speaker, you will notice that they often say grammatically incorrect things. A lot of people mix the usage of words with similar pronunciations. Two such words are “which” and “wich.”
The word “which” is a pronoun that can be used in place of a noun in a sentence. For example, if you say, “She seemed more talkative than usual, which was because she was nervous.” In this case, the word “which” replaces the word “she.”
The word “wich” is often misused as an abbreviation of the word “which,” but it means something different: It is an old Anglo-Saxon word that has meanings such as dwelling, collection of dwellings, town, etc.
So, the main difference between “which” and “wich” is that the former is used as a pronoun or adjective, and the latter is used as a noun or a suffix for other words.
Let’s discuss these differences in detail.
Usage Of The Word “Which”
The word “which” can be used in the following situations:
- To introduce a non-restrictive clause;
- To introduce a sentence that adds information about a noun or pronoun;
- To introduce an adjective clause that modifies the meaning of a noun or pronoun;
- To introduce a prepositional phrase describing time, location, or possession.
The following sentence includes two clauses: “I like the dog, which is brown and small.” If you remove the part that begins with “the dog,” you’ll see that it’s incomplete. So, this sentence uses “which” to introduce this second part of the sentence.
In the following example, the word “which” identifies the clause that contains it: John eats dinner every night at 6 pm, which is his favorite time for dinner.
Examples Of Usage Of “Which”
Here are a few examples of the usage of the word “which,”
- It can be used to refer to a person or place, as in:
“I love the store that sells my favorite shoes.”
- It can also be used to give an example of something, as in:
“I love the store which sells my favorite shoes.”
- You can also use it to make a statement about something that is true in general, such as:
“My mother always says ‘which‘ when she says anything.”
- As an adjective:
“It’s the one which is blue.”
- As an interrogative pronoun:
“Which car do you want to buy?”
Usage Of The Word “Wich”
The word “wich” has its roots in Old English, where it meant “dwelling” or “home.” The Old Norse word for the dwelling was vík, which became “wic” in Old English. That word then evolved into “wiche” and eventually “wich.”
- “Wich” is used in place of the word ‘wick,” which means “a bundle of thread.”
- In old English, it was used as a suffix to make names of different towns and cities, which still exist. For example, Norwich, West Bromwich, etc.
Differences Between The Words “Which” And “Wich”
The words “which” and “wich” are homophones that cause a lot of confusion for people; sometimes people use them interchangeably. However, the meaning and usage of both words are different.
The main differences between the two words are their usage and meaning.
|Meaning||The word “which” means whichever||The word “wich” means a place, dwelling, or a bundle of thread.|
|Usage||It can be used as a pronoun or adjective||It’s mostly used as a suffix in the names of different towns, especially ones with salt reservoirs.|
What Type Of Word Is Which?
As a relative pronoun, “which” refers to a subject or noun phrase. It can be used as a clause’s subject, object, or complement. A relative pronoun introduces a subordinate clause that modifies a noun or pronoun in the main clause.
In the following sentence, “which” is in the subject position:
The book, which I read last night, was good.
In this sentence, “which” is in the object position:
I read the book which my friend recommended to me yesterday.
In this sentence, “which” is used as a complement to complete the verb “recommended”:
My friend recommended (to me) (that) I should read the book he’d just finished writing last week.
How Do You Avoid Using Which?
If you want to avoid using which in your sentences, you can use a few tricks to ensure it’s not included.
First, always be conscious of what you’re saying and ensure that the sentence needs a comma after the introductory clause. If it doesn’t, then you don’t need to use it.
Second, try substituting the word who or whom for which when you’re writing or editing. If it works better with those words instead of which, then they should be used instead.
Third, ask yourself: “Do I mean ‘which’?” Sometimes we use this word because we’re unsure what else to write, so we default to it because it’s easier than finding another word that fits better in the sentence.
If this happens to you often, consider learning more about how adjectives work so that your sentences can be more precise. Precise writing is always more straightforward than ambiguous writing!
What Is The Rule For Using “That” Or “Which?”
The rule for using “that” or “which” in your sentences depends on whether you are talking about something specific or not.
If you’re talking about a specific thing, use “that.” For example: “The car parked in the driveway caught fire.”
If you’re talking about an action or quality, use “which.” For example, “The way that [action/quality] made me feel is what I want to talk about.”
- “Which” and “wich” are both words with similar sounds. This makes it confusing for many, so they often use them interchangeably but they are different from each other.
- “Which” is a relative pronoun that you can use to refer to a specific thing already mentioned in a sentence.
- You can also use it as a conjunction to join two clauses.
- However, “wich” is just a suffix used in the name of some towns or some food items like sandwiches.
- Some people also confuse it as a short form of “which.”